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Expropriation is the act of a government to take away privately-owned property, ostensibly to be used for purposes designed to benefit the general public. The process of expropriation "occurs when a public agency (for example, the provincial government and its agencies, regional districts, municipalities, school boards, post-secondary institutions, or utilities) takes private property for a purpose deemed to be in the public interest". Unlike eminent domain, expropriation may also refer to the taking of private property by a private entity authorized by a government to take property in certain situations.
Mutatis Mutandis Application of Procedures, such as Consultation
Any project operator who has obtained project approval shall complete such procedures as the preparation of land and goods protocols, public announcements, notifications and perusals of an indemnity plan, computation of an indemnity, and consultation with landowners and persons concerned.
Application for Adjudication
When consultations cannot be held or fail to result in agreement, a project operator may file an application for adjudication with the competent Land Tribunal, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, within one year from the date project approval is publicly announced.
Requests to File an Application for Adjudication
When consultation yields no agreement subsequent to a public announcement of project approval, any landowner or person concerned may request in writing any project operator to file an application for adjudication. Any project operator in receipt of a request shall file an application for adjudication with the competent Land Tribunal within 60 days from the date such request has been received.
Any person dissatisfied with adjudication rendered by the Central Land Tribunal’s Adjudication may file an objection to the said Land Tribunal within 30 days from the date of receiving an authentic copy of a written adjudication.
Institution of Administrative Litigation
Should any project operator, landowner or person concerned be dissatisfied with adjudication, he/she may institute administrative litigation within 60 days from the date he/she receives a written adjudication or within 30 days from the date he/she receives a written adjudication on his/her objection if he/she has raised an objection.