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1. What is a petition?

A petition is a request to do something, most commonly addressed to a government official or other public entity.

A petition may be oral or written. The first task when writing a petition is to identify the most effective recipient.
Some popular recipients for petitions:
Government institutes, National Assembly , local governments
political parties, presidents, prime ministers, ambassadors; educational institutions

2. Writing an Effective Petition

A good petition will be clearly structured. It will normally have a section for background information known as the "preamble", followed by the body of the petition which contains the "core petition text" and is the call for action - the request - that signatories will be asked to support. Make sure to use a well-structured petition template that:
(1) clearly but briefly describes the situation;
(2) suggests what is needed and why; and
(3) provides a concise and logical call to action ? i.e., the request.
Be clear and specific with your petition text. Avoid including unnecessary information or requests that have no essential connection to the main message. Read over your petition carefully.
(4) Be polite
If you want your petition to have any chance of going somewhere, remember that civility and politeness go a long way in any culture, including Korea. Politeness and the willingness to respect others’ dignity will be appreciated.

The Constitution of Korea: Article 26 (Right to Petition)        
(1) All citizens shall have the right to petition, in writing, any government agency under the conditions as prescribed by Act.        
(2)        The State shall be obligated to examine all such petitions